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Washington, D.C. (топик на английском)

 

Все топики.

"США" - все топики.

 

WASHINGTON, D.C.
Washington, D.C. (District of Columbia) is the capital of the USA. It was named after George Washington, the first president of the country. This is a political centre of the US. The city stands on the Potomac River. The central part of D.C. is called the Mall. This is a green avenue where museums and art galleries are situated. The Capitol and the White House (the residence of the president) are situated there, too. The members of Congress meet in the Capitol to discuss new laws.
The Capitol Building is one of the greatest buildings in Washington. It is easy to recognize because of its large white dome, which is the fourth largest dome in the world. There is a law that no building in D.C. can be taller than the Capitol, so it can be seen from any part of the city. This tradition is still kept.
The Library of Congress was established by an act of Congress in 1800. In 1814 the library was burned by the British and Thomas Jefferson gave his collection of books to the Library. It included books in foreign languages and volumes of philosophy, science, literature, etc.
The White House is the oldest public building in the District of Columbia, and 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is the most famous address in the United States. Here every President, except George Washington, has lived. In the past 200 years, the White House has become the symbol of American Presidency all over the world. Tourists can visit many rooms in the House except for those that the President and his family occupy.
Washington is also famous for its numerous monuments, museums and art galleries. The Smithsonian Institution, the world's largest museum complex, consists of sixteen museums and the National Zoological Park. The National Museum of American History was opened in 1964, and named as the National Museum of History and Technology. In 1980, the name was changed to the Museum of American History. This museum has collections and objects of transportation, communications, agriculture, medicine, science, and
technology. The National Air and Space Museum which opened in 1976, has a great collection of flying machines and spacecraft.
The Zoo is located in Rock Creek Park. This place occupies a hillside. Altogether the Zoological Park has about 2,800 animals.
The Washington Monument is a tall obelisk. It was built in 1878 in memory of George Washington, the first President of the USA. A lift takes visitors to the 500-foot level in 70 seconds. From the observation floor people enjoy the view of the city.
The Lincoln Memorial was built in 1922. It looks like a Greek temple with the statue of Lincoln inside. The 36 columns around the memorial represent the states in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death. The names of 48 states at the time when the memorial was completed in 1922 are written on the walls.
Thomas Jefferson's memorial is very beautiful, especially in early spring when the Japanese cherry trees, surrounding it, are in bloom. The trees were given as a gift from Tokyo in 1912.
Most of the people who live in Washington work for government. Others live in the outskirts of the city, in the so-called villages. The Metro system of the city is very well-organized. It is very clean as it's prohibited to eat or drink anything in cars and on platforms.
The city is planned very well. Streets that run from south to north are numbered. The streets that go from east to west are lettered. Large streets are called avenues and have the names of big states. For example, Pennsylvania Avenue. So it's hard to get lost in Washington.
It is a very interesting city and I will visit it one day.


Vocabulary:
avenue ['aevrnju:] проспект
be in bloom [blu:m] цвести
be kept [kept] зд. сохраняться
car [ka:] зд. вагон метро
cherry tree ['tjentri:] вишня
dome [daum] купол
established [is'taeblift] основанный
Greek temple ['gri:ktempl] греческий храм
law [1э:] закон
lettered [letad] обозначенный буквами
member of ['membarav член Конгресса
Congress ktmgras]
museum [mju(:)'zi3m музейный комплекс
complex kttmpleks]
numbered ['nAmbad] пронумерованный
numerous ['nju:m(3)r3s] бесчисленный
observation floor [ttbza'veif^n'im] смотровая площадка
occupy ['ttkjupai] занимать
outskirts ['autsk3:ts] окраины
prohibit [pra'hibit] запрещать
recognize ['rekagnarz] узнавать
sign [sain] знак
spacecraft ['speiskra:ft] космический корабль
subway ['sAbwei] (AmE) метро
volume [Vttfjum] том (книги)
well-organized ['wel'oiganaizd] хорошо организованный


Questions:
1. What is Washington, D.C.?
2. What famous buildings are there in the city? What are they famous for?
3. Are there any museums and galleries in D.C.?
4. What monuments to great American presidents are there in Washington?
5. Who mostly live in the city? Where do other people live?
6. What can you say about the city plan?
 

 

 

 

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